We are strongly committed to continuous improvement in our performance related to environmental stewardship, social responsibility and governance, and we are equally committed to transparently sharing our successes and challenges along the way.
Our website serves as our primary method to communicate our sustainability strategy, progress and performance, and it is updated annually in accordance with internationally recognized sustainability reporting standards and practices. We also offer printable resources, a blog of case studies illustrating our commitment to sustainability, and an opportunity to provide feedback on our website.
The Global Reporting Initiative standards provide a globally recognized model for us to measure and share our performance. Our GRI Index includes general disclosures, as well as topic-specific disclosures such as our company profile, economic and environmental performance, our impacts on society and other disclosures relevant to our company.
ISO 14001 Environmental Management System Standard, 2015, United States & Canada, Yes; Sustainable Forestry Initiative Principles 2001, United States & Canada, Yes; World Business Council for Sustainable Development Forestry Principles, 2005, Global, Yes; Forest-Climate Working Group, 2017, United States, Yes
Membership of associations
Alberta Forest Products Association, American Forest Foundation, American Wood Council, APA - The Engineered Wood Association, Canadian Wood Council, Council of Forest Industries, Financial Accounting Standards Board, Forest Landowners Association, Inc., Forest Products Association of Canada, Forest Resources Association, Inc., Green Blue Institute, International Women's Forum, National Alliance of Forest Owners, National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts, National Council for Air & Stream Improvement, Inc., National Lumber & Building Material Dealers Association, Softwood Lumber Board, Sustainable Forestry Initiative, Inc., US Industrial Pellet Association, US Lumber Coalition, Wood Products Council
Executive-level responsibility for economic, environmental, and social topics
Our senior officers have responsibility for one or more sustainability topics, such as environmental responsibilities at manufacturing sites or related to our timberlands, financial performance and ensuring integrity, and/or people development and safety.
Consulting stakeholders on economic, environmental, and social topics
Any shareholder can communicate directly with our board, the independent directors, and any individual director or the chair of any committee via our corporate secretary. The processes for communicating with the board, recommending nominees for the board, or submitting shareholder proposals are outlined in our Proxy Statement: p. 19
Composition of highest governance body and its committees
Role of highest governance body in setting purpose, values, and strategy
Our board, through its company direction-setting process, establishes companywide strategic direction for capital spending and business and financial matters, as well as social and environmental issues. As part of the process, we analyze global trends that have the potential to affect our businesses over the long term, analyze the capabilities and challenges of our businesses, and integrate this information into our planning and decision-making regarding company direction.
Review of economic, environmental, and social topics
Our board has overall responsibility for sustainability issues and for ensuring all aspects of sustainability are addressed on an ongoing basis. Our board annually, with the assistance of the Governance and Corporate Responsibility Committee, reviews its overall performance and reviews the performance of board committees.
Highest governance body’s role in sustainability reporting
The Governance and Corporate Responsibility Committee reviews progress against sustainability goals. Our law department reviews and approves the annual update to our sustainability report.
Total environmental data values no longer include WRECO (sold in 2014), Cellulose Fibers (sold in 2016), Uruguay timberlands and manufacturing (sold in 2017), a veneer plant in Sweet Home, OR (sold in 2017), and Michigan timberlands (sold in 2019). We also do not include our Distribution Centers in our environmental data, given the minimal (less than 2%) contribution of these facilities compared to our manufacturing facilities.
Changes in reporting
See above comment.
January 1 - December 31, 2019
Financial results are for Weyerhaeuser fiscal year 2019.
We set the right goals and report on our progress. We use a variety of mechanisms to establish and monitor goals, including:
Established internal databases used regularly by our operations.
Environmental data reported to the EPA and other regulatory agencies.
Annual companywide internal surveys.
Physical measurements and representative and other sampling at our facilities.
Standard government factors and recognized industry factors.
Calculations are performed using measured data as well as commonly recognized engineering standards. All equations and estimations used in calculating environmental data are accepted industry-wide and by all pertinent regulatory authorities.
Each section of this website is drafted and/or reviewed by internal subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy. The final draft of the website is reviewed by key senior leaders and subject-matter experts to ensure the information is accurately communicated, appropriate for public disclosure, and is significant to us and our shareholders.
A minimum of 30% of our overall spend could be considered from “local” suppliers. This includes logs and wood fiber for our mills and forestry-related contract services.
GRI 205: ANTI-CORRUPTION
Operations assessed for risks related to corruption
We are committed to obeying the law in all countries where we do business. We have adopted policies and standards to ensure that we comply with the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) and similar anti-corruption laws in each country where we do business.
100% of our main businesses and staff function groups are analyzed each year. We disclose material risks in our periodic filings to the SEC.
Communication and training about anti-corruption policies and procedures
We regularly train employees on anti-bribery. Our contracts and purchasing policies require agents, contractors, suppliers, service providers and joint-venture partners to comply with our Anti-Bribery Policy, as well as all statutes and regulations regarding corruption and bribery. We require 100% of targeted employees and third-party intermediaries to take anti-bribery training. The target audience for anti-bribery training is all senior management team members and their direct reports; all salaried employees who might be expected to interact with foreign government officials (as broadly defined under the FCPA, this includes any foreign government official, any person acting on their behalf, such as a consultant, and employees of state-owned companies); U.S., Canadian, and international employees who work in international sales, customer service with international responsibilities, and trade/export; and staff function employees in finance, human resources, information technology or other areas who have international responsibilities and might be expected to interact with foreign government officials. Leaders are also encouraged to invite the sales agents, distributors, consultants, and other third parties with whom they do business to attend the leader-led sessions.
Confirmed incidents of corruption and actions taken
We disclose all material litigations and legal proceedings in our periodic filings to the SEC.
GRI 206: ANTI-COMPETITIVE BEHAVIOR
Legal actions for anti-competitive behavior, antitrust, and monopoly practices
Our employees are expected to comply with our company’s core policy, as well as all U.S. and other countries' laws, regulating unlawful anti-competitive behavior. Employees receive regular training and materials as part of our antitrust and competition law compliance program and are responsible for being aware of the risk and costs of violating the laws and complying with our guidelines for behavior. We disclose all material litigation and legal proceedings in our periodic filings to the SEC.
We do not consider this metric to be significant to our company. Our engineered wood products and oriented strand board use by-products from other manufacturing processes, which we see as a more relevant measure of reducing society's demand for raw materials.
Reclaimed products and their packaging materials
We do not consider this metric to be significant to our company, given our focus is on growing and managing forests and producing products made from this renewable resource.
We manage water risk at the site level. In 2018, we used the World Resources Institute Aqueduct Model to assess water risk associated with our manufacturing facilities. None of our sites showed a high-water risk, congruent with our internal analysis and tracking of our sites.
GRI 304: BIODIVERSITY
Operational sites owned, leased, managed in, or adjacent to, protected areas and areas of high biodiversity value outside protected areas
We utilize standards from the World Resources Institute (WRI) and World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) Greenhouse Gas Protocol Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard to calculate our annual greenhouse gas emission inventory.
Gases included in the calculations include: Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Methane (CH4), and Nitrous Oxide (N2O).
National Council for Air and Stream Improvement, Inc. calculation tools for estimating greenhouse gas emissions from wood products facilities and NCASI tool to calculate carbon stored in forest products are used.
Our estimates of greenhouse gas emissions and carbon sequestration represent our corporate carbon scope 1 (direct) and scope 2 (purchased electricity) inventory. They do not include emissions not owned or controlled by Weyerhaeuser.
Our Scope 1 and Scope 2 GHG-generating emissions include stationary sources, mobile sources, and process emissions, including all Weyerhaeuser-owned industrial stationary sources, which combust fossil fuels and burn biomass in the U.S. and Canada; all Weyerhaeuser-owned landfills; mobile sources, including Weyerhaeuser aviation, logging trucks, and company-owned and -leased vehicles; fertilizer application (e.g., N2O emissions) on Weyerhaeuser timberlands; purchased electricity and purchased steam.
Weyerhaeuser utilizes a threshold of significance and assumes that any source of emissions that represents less than 2% of total annual emissions is de minimis and will not be included in the inventory.
Our greenhouse gas inventory process adheres to the guidelines published by the Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative's Greenhouse Gas Protocol, Revised Edition, and its associated calculation tools that are relevant to our operations. Following the protocol, adjustments to the baseline year and subsequent years’ data have been made on a whole-year basis for divestments and acquisitions affecting our greenhouse gas inventory. In 2017, we also adjusted our baseline and all subsequent years to correctly account for the appropriate eGRID emission factors for the closest respective year; previously, we incorrectly recalculated all years with the most recent eGRID emission factors. The absolute value of our entire greenhouse gas emission inventory can change as a result of these adjustments.
We know forests sequester and release carbon in variable amounts over time. The rate of forest carbon sequestration is subject to seasonal variation, annual variation due to climate and disturbance impacts, age-related variation due to the natural cycle of tree growth, and effects from forest management practices such as fertilization and harvesting. The U.S. Department of Energy 1605(b) guidelines affirm that sustainably managed forests balance harvest and growth cycles over time and landscape and can be considered carbon neutral, meaning the carbon that is released from harvesting is offset by the growth of the remaining trees. To quantify the amount of long-term forest products carbon stored in our products – which we call Product Sequestration – we use the US Forest Service 100-year average carbon storage estimates approach and a tool produced by a research organization supporting our industry.
By far, Scope 1 and 2 GHG emissions are most relevant to our company. In 2013, we evaluated including Scope 3 categories into our GHG inventory, based on WRI’s “Corporate Value Chain (Scope 3) Accounting and Reporting Standards.” Eight of the fifteen Scope 3 categories were considered related to our company, but we have chosen not to initiate this work until customer requests increase to a significant level and industry-specific guidelines are developed to ensure comparability with other forest product companies. We are a large, vertically integrated company, with most of our value chain embedded in our company. Most of our suppliers are small forest landowners, who are already helping reduce the risk of climate change by managing forestlands - nature’s best carbon capturing systems.
Our residuals and solid waste values are determined by the following methods: disposed of and confirmed directly by us, information provided by our waste disposal contractors, and organizational defaults of our waste disposal contractors.
Benefits provided to full-time employees that are not provided to temporary or part-time employees
Less than 1 percent of our employees are part-time or temporary. Thus, we do not consider this metric to be significant to our company.
On Dec. 4, 2019, we announced that on Jan. 1, 2020, we would offer paid parental leave: all U.S. nonunion employees will be able to take up to four weeks of fully paid leave upon the arrival of a new child or children in their family. (Canadian employees receive parental leave in accordance with provincial employment standards.) This is in addition to our current six-week disability leave for birth mothers, adoption assistance program, and other family-related benefits.
GRI 402: LABOR/MANAGEMENT RELATIONS
Minimum notice periods regarding significant operational changes
Our labor contracts generally require five to 10-day advance notice to change employees' scheduled hours of work. In addition, the U.S. WARN Act requires 60- day notice of covered plant closings and covered mass layoffs. If the company needs to curtail operations sooner, we pay employees for the notice period.
GRI 403: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY
Workers' representation in formal joint management–worker health and safety committees
Workers with high incidence or high risk of diseases related to their occupation
We do not have any occupations that have a high incidence or high risk of diseases associated with them.
Health and safety topics covered in formal agreements with trade unions
Union representatives play a significant role in safety and health. They participate in joint union-management safety committees and represent workers in joint investigations, coaching and counseling. We first introduced high-performance or total-quality work systems in the late 1970s. These systems are designed to increase employee participation in decisions that affect their jobs and to improve business performance. In our union and nonunion facilities, participative work systems are part of our business strategy and planning. At our facilities with high-performance work systems, process reliability is higher than at our traditionally managed facilities.
Our salaried employees receive regular career development and performance reviews, including performance management plans and individual development plans. Our hourly employees receive regular performance feedback as part of their ongoing work and follow a career progression process to achieve the necessary skills to develop professionally.
Ratio of basic salary and remuneration of women to men
We have procedures and policies in place to ensure equal compensation regardless of gender, race, religion, sexual orientation, and other characteristics protected under law. Our salary structure prescribes a salary band for every job. This further supports equal compensation.
GRI 406: NON-DISCRIMINATION
Incidents of discrimination and corrective actions taken
We disclose all material litigation and legal proceedings in our periodic filings to the SEC.
GRI 407: FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION AND COLLECTIVE BARGAINING
Operations and suppliers in which the right to freedom of association and collective bargaining may be at risk
Our labor relations continue to be guided by principles jointly developed with the union that represents most of the employees in our U.S.-based businesses. The principles are designed to foster cooperative relationships and employee empowerment. Our company's labor principles allow North American employees the right to free association, including the right to freely choose to organize and bargain collectively. We believe these rights are not at risk at any Weyerhaeuser operation.
Operations and suppliers at significant risk for incidents of forced or compulsory labor
Our certification to the SFI Forest Management standard specifically addresses the need to recognize and respect Indigenous peoples' rights (objective 8). Our entire wood supply is certified to the SFI Fiber Sourcing Standard, which specifically requires an avoidance of controversial sources, including fiber sourced without effective social laws (objective 13).
Our operations are in North America. Although we do not have major operations in countries or locations where we believe human rights are at risk, we have implemented policies and programs to ensure these rights are protected.
Significant investment agreements and contracts that include human rights clauses or that underwent human rights screening
Hunting (thousands of permits in game management units)
Education (thousands of visitors with school tours/groups)
Some ecosystem services provided by our timberlands do not lend themselves to annual reporting due to a lack of quantitative measures, insufficient reporting units or the service having been recently discontinued. These services are important reflections of the value provided by our timberlands and could lend themselves to fuller description in the future, if not annual tracking.
Volume of wood fiber used (million cubic units)*
1 cubic unit = 100 cubic feet of solid wood *Data reflects actual portfolio of operating facilities, included those sold or divested. Only North American facilities.
Estimated carbon stored in our wood products (million metric tons of CO2e)*
* Calculated using the NCASI Carbon Storage tool based on data developed by the U.S. Forest Service (Technical Bulletin 1939, July 2014). This number is the benefit to the climate due to keeping carbon stored in products (and carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere) over 100 years. It includes statistics on the end-use of our products as well as how long the products are expected to be in use.
** In accordance with the GHG Protocol Corporate Reporting Standard, we report the CO2 emissions associated with the combustion of biomass fuels, such as wood and wood waste, separately from the scopes. This biomass fuel is a mix of mill residuals and forest residuals sourced from sustainably managed forests in regions where carbon stocks are stable or increasing. This means it is considered carbon neutral, meaning the growth of trees in the region is more than the harvest and mortality (also, the carbon in the biomass originated in the atmosphere and the biomass is regrown after a harvest). We do, however, include the CH4 and N2O emissions associated with the combustion of biomass in our Scope 1 GHG emissions.