Family: Fagaceae Scientific Name: Quercus falcate Local Names: Spanish Oak, Finger Oak, Red Oak Uses: Flooring, furniture, construction, doors, panels, veneer, cooperage, crossties, caskets, fuel
Tree grows to 70-80 feet with a diameter of 3 feet or more. Bark is rough and light gray in younger trees to almost black in older trees. Leaves vary greatly in size and shape with bristled tips. Round acorns ½ inch long.
Family: Juglandaceae Scientific Name: Carya texana Local Names: Arkansas Black Hickory Uses: Fuel
Tree grows slowly and usually crooked and limby up to 70 feet tall. Bark is dark gray and irregularly fissured. Leaves are compound, 8-12 inches long with 5-7 leaflets. Fruit is pear shaped with a thick hull.
Family: Juglandaceae Scientific Name: Carya tomentosa Local Names: White Hickory, White Heart Hickory, Big Bud, Red Hickory, Bull Nut Uses: Tool handles, sporting goods, ladders, furniture, wagon stock
Tree may reach 130 feet tall and 3 feet diameter. Leaves are compound, 8-15 inches long with 7-9 leaflets. Bark is dark gray, deeply furrowed with netted appearance. Fruit is oval, often slightly pear shaped with a very thick, strong scented husk.
Family: Cornaceae Scientific Name: Nyssa sylvatica Local Names: Black Tupelo, Sour and Tupelo Gum, Gum Tree, Pepperidge Gum Uses: Crate and basket veneers, pulpwood, fuel, furniture, ornamental, substantial part of honey crop in southern ½ of the state
Tree may reach 100 feet tall with a diameter of 5 feet or more with short, horizontal branches. Bark is thick and light grey on younger trees and quadrangle nearly black on older trees. Leaves are alternate, oval and somewhat pointed. Fruits are a dark blue, fleshy berry in clusters of 2 or 3 on 2 inch stems containing a single hard shelled seed.
Family: Ulmaceae Scientific Name: Ulmus americana Local Names: White elm Uses: Construction, hubs for wheels, saddle trees, barrel hoops, loose cooperage, veneer for baskets and crates, ornamental
Tree can reach 100 feet tall with a tall and spreading crown. Bark is ashy or dark gray with thick, irregular flat topped ridges. Leaves are 3-6 inches long, double toothed, with unsymmetrical base. Fruit is light green, 3/8 inch long and winged.
Family: Leguminosae Scientific Name: Albizia julibrissin Local Names: Mimosa tree Uses: Ornamental and shade
Tree is small, flat topped up to 40 feet tall. Bark is gray and blotched. Leaves are alternate, doubly even-pinnate with 8 to 10 pairs of opposite pinna each with 10 to 25 pairs of opposite 1 sided leaflets about 3/8 inch long. Whole leaves are 8-10 inches long. Flowers are pink, fluffy blossoms. Fruit are flat legumes 6-8 inches long and nearly 1 inch wide.
Family: Hamamelidaceae Scientific Name: Liquidambar styraciflua Local Names: Red Gum, Gum, Gum Tree, Sap Gum, American Sweetgum Uses: Flooring, pulp, boxes, crates, plywood veneer, cooperage, ornamental, heartwood can sometimes be used for imitation mahogany, cherry and walnut
Tree may reach 150 feet tall and more than 5 feet in diameter. Bark is light gray and irregularly fissured. Leaves are star shaped with 5 points. Fruit is a ball with projecting points 1 inch in diameter suspended on 2-3 inch stalks.
Family: Ebenaceae Scientific Name: Diospyros virginiana Local Names: Persimmon, Possum Wood Uses: Of little use now. Formerly used for shuttles, golf club heads, billiard cues and brush backs.
Tree rarely exceeds 50 feet tall and 18 inches in diameter. Bark is almost black and separated into nearly square blocks. Leaves are oval or oblong sharp pointed and 4-6 inches long. Fruit is round, pulpy, orange or brown containing hard, smooth, brownish seeds. Fruit is usually sweet and edible when ripe.
Family: Aceraceae Scientific Name: Acer rubrum Local Names: Swamp Maple, Soft Maple, Water Maple, White Maple Uses: Furniture, turnery, woodenware, fuel, veneer, crates, boxes, flooring, slack cooperage, novelties
Medium sized tree 40-50 feet tall and may attain heights of 100 feet and a diameter of 3 feet. Bark is light gray and furrowed with thin scales. Leaves are opposite, 3 or 5 lobes that are pointed and coarsely toothed. Fruit is winged seeds 1-1/2 inches long on drooping stems 3-4 inches long.
Tree has a maximum height of 40 feet. Bark is gray-black and broken into small 4-sided scaly blocks. Leaves are simple, opposite, ovate 3-5 inches long and pointed. Flowers are very small greenish-yellow arranged in a dense cluster surrounded by 4 large, showy, white or rarely pinkish petal like bracts which give it an appearance of a large single flower. Fruit is a bright scarlet berry containing a hard pit.
Family: Fagaceae Scientific Name: Quercus nigra Local Names: Duck Oak, Possum Oak, Pin Oak Uses: Lumber, crossties, ornamental shade tree
Tree may attain height of 100 feet or more and a diameter of 3 feet. Bark is thin and smooth. Leaves vary in shape, are always bristle tipped, mostly oblong and sometimes lobed. Fruit is a small acorn ¼ to ¾ inch long.
Family: Fagaceae Scientific Name: Quercus phellos Local Names: Pin Oak, Swamp Willow Oak Uses: Construction, cooperage, ornamental
Tree may attain height of 100 feet or more and a diameter of 3 feet. Bark is thin and smooth. Leaves are 2 to 4 inches long and ¼ to ¾ inch wide with a bristle on the end. Fruit is a small acorn ¼ to ¾ inch long.
Tree may grow to 100 feet tall with a diameter of 5 feet but usually smaller. Bark is reddish-brown with narrow, white, horizontal lines on young trees. Leaves are oval or soft tapering and edges are broken with many fine, incurved teeth. Fruit is purplish black, ¼ inch in diameter with a large pit. Slightly bitter.
Family: Ulmaceae Scientific Name: Ulmus alata Local Names: Cork Elm Uses: Wheel hubs, mauls, single trees, wedges, poles, ornamental shade trees
Tree grows slowly to 80 feet. Bark is thin, light brown with irregular fissures and flat ridges. Branches can have corky ridges. Leaves are simple, alternate, 1 ½ to 3 ½ inches long. Fruit is a winged seed.